Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disorder. It develops due to the wear and tear of the bone cartilage overtime. Cartilage shields the ends of the large bones at joints. Its coverage allows bones to move smoothly over each other. If it gets severly damaged its unable to repair itself. 

Osteoarthritis can appear in any joint, but mostly it affects knee joint, hip joint, hands, feet, and spine. If left untreated, its symptoms get worse over time. The care must be taken as soon as it is diagnosed otherwise, it results in more damage.

Ayurvedic Aspect:

As per Ayurveda, its symptoms are identical to sandhigata vata. It is a vata vyadhi (vata disease) that occurs mostly due to the dhatu kshaya (degeneration) during old age. But, it can occur at any age due to trauma. Ayurveda manages it by balancing vata dosha and nourishing asthi dhatu (bones).

Main symptoms of Osteoarthritis

  • Painful joints
  • Mild swelling in joints
  • Cracking sound in joints
  • Reduced joint flexibility
  • Stiffness lasts less than an hour

In severe pain, swelling and stiffness of joints it gets difficult to perform even simple daily tasks like walking, standing, and climbing.


  • Aging
  • Overweight
  • Family history
  • Overuse of joints
  • Sudden trauma to joints

Top 3 herbs to manage osteoarthritis:


Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) is one among the most popular herbs for its various health benefits. Roots of ashwagandha have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. It balances the vata dosha and ultimately gives relief from the symptoms of osteoarthritis. Its regular use shows quite good results.


Bala (Sida cordifolia) is rich in antioxidants and well known for anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. It is a rejuvenating herb that helps to slow down the progress of osteoarthritis. Leaves of bala contain ephedrine that promotes weight loss. Due to this, it helps to lose extra weight and on the other hand, rejuvenates the joints also.


Garlic (Allium sativum) is a herb with hot potency. It balances vata dosha. Researchers have found that due to the presence of diallyl disulphide it reduces inflammation. Above all, it reduces pain and prevent further damage of the cartilage.

This article is only for the educational purpose. Kindly visit your Ayurvedic physician for better diagnosis and treatment.